Thermodynamic data for biomass materials and waste components

  • 376 Pages
  • 1.37 MB
  • English

American Society of Mechanical Engineers , New York, N.Y. (United Engineering Ctr., 345 E. 47th St., New York 10017)
Incineration -- Handbooks, manuals, etc., Combustion -- Handbooks, manuals, etc., Materials -- Thermal properties -- Handbooks, manuals,
Statementsponsored by the ASME Research Committee on Industrial and Municipal Wastes ; edited by E.S. Domalski, T.L. Jobe, Jr., T.A. Milne.
ContributionsDomalski, E. S., Jobe, T. L., Milne, Thomas A., American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Research Committee on Industrial and Municipal Wastes.
LC ClassificationsTD796 .T49 1987
The Physical Object
Paginationv, 376 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2485592M
LC Control Number87406332

English, Book edition: Thermodynamic data for biomass materials and waste components / sponsored by the ASME Research Committee on Industrial and Municipal Wastes ; edited by E.S.

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Domalski, T.L. Jobe, Jr., T.A. Milne. Open Library is an open, editable library catalog, building towards a web page for every book ever published. Read, borrow, and discover more than 3M books for free.

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Heat capacities and enthalpies of formation were determined for two samples of lignin obtained from rape straw by different methods. The obtained experimental results allowed us to obtain the values of thermodynamic properties for this material. The equilibria of the processes of lignin gasification were considered.

The adiabatic temperatures of the gasification and energetic characteristics Cited by: The general purpose of this collection of thermodynamic data of selected materials is to make property information available to the engineering community on chemical mixtures, polymers, composite materials, solid wastes, biomass, and materials not easily identifiable by a single stoichiometric formula.

Accuracy of heating value correlations on a consistent database of biomass samples. • Complete and coherent lignocellulosic biomass model for numerical simulations. • Enthalpy and Gibbs free energy as linear correlations of the elemental composition.

• Exergy in terms of thermodynamic properties and composition of the by: Gasification of Waste Materials: Technologies for Generating Energy, Gas and Chemicals from MSW, Biomass, Non-recycled Plastics, Sludges and Wet Solid Wastes explores the most recent gasification technologies developing worldwide to convert waste solids to energy and synthesis gas and chemical products.

The authors examine the thermodynamic aspects, accepted reaction. SOURCE OF DATA As stated earlier, the elemental analysis and HHV data were taken from a compilation of biomass and waste components [7]. The elemental analyses were usually reported as mass percents of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur, nitrogen, chlorine, and ash.

Publisher Summary. This chapter examines the concept of virgin and waste biomass. In the mids, few virgin biomass species were grown and harvested in the United States specifically for energy or conversion to biofuels, with the possible exceptions of feedstocks for fuel.

thermodynamic data to obtain mass and energy limits. It also illustrates a series of down biomass material in the absence of oxygen (Steinhauser and Deublein, ; Ashrafi et al., ). The main reasons for the interest in developing biogas technology are due to source of energy from waste materials that simultaneously reduces.

The modeling of carbon deposition from C-H-O reformates has usually employed thermodynamic data for graphite, but has rarely employed such data for impure filamentous carbon.

Thermodynamic Data for Biomass Materials and Waste Components This study collected and analyzed data on urban wood waste resources in 30 randomly. Experimental Data and Thermodynamic Analysis of Biomass Steam Power Plant with Two Different Configurations Plant.

Biomass is a term for all organic material that is. humidity biomass waste. In this chapter, the thermodynamic sustainability of biodiesel, bioethanol, biogas, and briquettes production from oil palm biomass are investigated via exergy analysis.

Most studies on exergy analysis of biofuels production systems do not consider the production of the feedstocks though these stages are materials and energy intensive. Zainal et al. used the latter type of equilibrium model to predict the composition of the producer gas for different biomass materials.

The amount of oxygen in that model was eliminated by defining it in terms of some components in the producer gas; however, it was not shown when they compared their model with the experimental data.

Domalski, E. S., Jobe Jr., T. L., and Milne, T. (eds.)Thermodynamic Data for Biomass Materials and Waste Components, The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, United Engineering Center, East 47th Street, New York, production from purpose-grown biomass versus waste-biomass.

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The third paper considers particular gasification technologies and Biomass is theplant material derived from reac-tion between CO 2 in the air, water and sunlight, via components of biomass.

If si processed effi-ciently, either chemically or biologically, by extracting. In this chapter, the kinetic behavior during the steam gasification of sawdust, plum, and olive pits was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis where the weight loss is measured with the temperature variation at different heating rates (5, 10, and 15 K/min).

The weight loss and their derivative curves show that the gasification takes place in three visible stages. The kinetic study was. The use of biomass and plastic waste in a petroleum refinery is to utilise the already built and existing infrastructure for fuels and chemical production which require little capital cost investment.

A novel design has been developed to improve the waste-to-energy process through the integration with a biomass-fired power plant. In the proposed scheme, the superheated steam generated by the waste-to-energy boiler is fed into the low-pressure turbine of the biomass power section for power production.

Besides, the feedwater from the biomass power section is utilized to warm the combustion. Abstract. The importance of thermodynamic and phase behavior is fundamental to supercritical water (SCW) technologies of biomass treatment. Considering the extremely large number of biomass components, it is obvious that there is need for developing theoretically sound methods of the prompt estimation of their phase behavior in aquatic media at supercritical conditions.

The novelty of this study is that it presents the first in-depth evaluation of the kinetic triplet and thermodynamic parameters from the pyrolysis of açaí seed (Euterpe oleracea), which is the main biowaste from the açaí fruit processing industry. First, the physicochemical characteristics of the açaí seed, i.e., the proximate analysis, ultimate analysis, energy content, bulk density.

This study presents the first attempt to focus on the cocoa shell pyrolysis in terms of kinetic triplet, thermodynamic parameters, and evolved volatile analysis using the TGA-FTIR technique.

For reliable interpretation of the multistep pyrolysis of cocoa shell, the multiple kinetic triplets were adequately estimated by a combined kinetic procedure using five independent parallel reactions with.

Louw et al. [26] conducted thermodynamic study on the SCWG of a wide variety of biomass materials which took into account the influence of the biomass compositional material on the gas yield. The utilization of seaweeds, moulds, yeasts, and other dead microbial biomass and agricultural waste materials for removal of heavy metals has been explored, as in [3].

Recently attention has been diverted towards the biomaterials which are by products or the wastes from large scale industrial operations and agricultural waste materials, as in [4]. The thermodynamic efficiency of biomass gasification is reviewed for air‐blown as well as steam‐blown gasifiers.

Finally, the overall technological chains biomass‐to‐biofuels are evaluated, including methanol, Fischer‐Tropsch hydrocarbons, and hydrogen. Waste-to-energy (WtE) or energy-from-waste (EfW) is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity and/or heat from the primary treatment of waste, or the processing of waste into a fuel is a form of energy WtE processes generate electricity and/or heat directly through combustion, or produce a combustible fuel commodity, such as methane, methanol, ethanol.

This book explores the use of biomass as an energy source and its application in power generation using energy conversion technologies. It covers how biomass is generated and assessed for power generation, and the different types of biomass that can be utilized to produce energy.

Thermodynamic and economic performance of a dual-fuel cogeneration system operating with natural gas (NG) and biomass as an energy supplier for a hotel was investigated by Yang et al.

They claimed that dual-fuel CCHP system can be proposed as an interesting solution. Incineration of high-content sodium salt organic waste liquid will corrode the refractory material in the incinerator, causing the refractory material to peel off and be damaged. A thermodynamics method was used to study the thermodynamic properties of three common sodium salts (NaCl, Na2CO3 and Na2SO4) on the corrosion of refractory materials (MgOCr2O3, MgOAl2O3, Al2O3, MgO and Cr2O3).

Compared to other renewable sources, biomass and waste are unique because of their abilities to directly supply various high-value products such as liquid fuels, chemicals, and solid materials. Furthermore, biomass currently represents the majority of renewable energy sources by supplying heat and power to a large population both in developing.

composed of biomass, EIA has classified all consumption at MSW combustion plants as a renewable portion of “Waste Energy.”2 However, according to EIA’s definition above, MSW clearly contains non-renewable components, raising a concern that EIA has been overstating the renewable content of MSW.Analysis and interpretation of the data reveal the effect of waste feed composition on combustion parameters and dioxin, furan, and metals emission.

Equilibrium calculation results are used to describe the experimentally observed trends for the thermal destruction behavior of these wastes.How waste-to-energy plants work. Waste-to-energy plants burn municipal solid waste (MSW), often called garbage or trash, to produce steam in a boiler that is used to generate electricity.

MSW is a mixture of energy-rich materials such as paper, plastics, yard waste, and products made from wood.